Evaluation of Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antioxidant Activity and Identification of Chemical Compounds of Narcissus tazetta L. Native to Behbahan

Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Basic Science, School of Veterinary Medicine, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

2 Postdoctoral research university of tehran



Bacterial and fungal resistance became a concern in the biomedical and medical sciences. On the other hand, more than 20 million kg of essential oils are extracted from various medicinal plants annually. This article investigates the antifungal, antibacterial, antioxidant and extractive activity of essential oils of Narcissus tazetta L. native to Behbahan using head space method. Narges flower powder was solved by methanol solvent by percolation and obtained by distillation in concentrated vacuum and extract. Total antioxidant capacity was measured to measure total ascorbic acid and antibacterial activity of hydroalcoholic extract by paper disk method against standard antibiotics against standard strains. Essential oil extraction was performed by GC / MS using Head space method and for analyzing and identifying the essential oils. The results showed that the extract of Narcissus bulb had the highest effect on E.coli and Fusarium solani, Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans and Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus, respectively. Also, the antioxidant content in the total extract was 31.698 Mmol / kg body weight (μmol / g). The main constituents of the essential oil include (E) -β-Ocimene (31.36%), Linalool (22.73%), Limonene (14.17%), 1,8-Cineole (6.56%), Benzyl acetate (%). 477/5), Exo-Arbzol (622.3%), Terpinene (53.3%), (3Z) -Hexenyl acetate (2.8%), and -Terpineol (088/2). Due to the increasing applications and effective biological activity of the extract of Narcissus flower, more extensive studies on antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of this plant are suggested in different ways.


Main Subjects

Volume 35, Issue 4
November 2022
Pages 692-706
  • Receive Date: 16 September 2019
  • Revise Date: 16 December 2019
  • Accept Date: 13 April 2020
  • First Publish Date: 23 October 2022