Using of wild accessions of A. officinalis in asparagus breeding programs

Document Type : Research Paper

Authors

1 Ph.D. Student of Horticulture Science, Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

2 Assistant Prof., Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

3 Assistance Prof. Department of Horticultural Sciences, Gorgan university of agricultural sciences and natural resources, Gorgan, Iran.

4 Department of Horticultural Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran.

5 Professor, Department of Genetic, Faculty of Genetic, University of Cordoba, Cordoba, Spain.

Abstract

A. officinalis is the most economically important species of asparagus. There are some wild accessions of this species from Iran that they are growing under different environmental conditions such as saline and dry soils and wide range of altitude and climate. Inter and intraspecific hybridization is a useful technique to introduce characteristics from wild species and accessions into crops. The overall purposes of the current study were to evaluate the possibility of using of wild accessions of A. officinalis species in asparagus crop breeding programs and also using of molecular markers as a valuable and useful tool to detect hybrid plants. In this study, successful interspecific hybridization was obtained for A. officinalis (2x) × A. persicus (2x) cross, by hand pollination. AG7 can be suitable molecular marker to detect interspecific plant for wild accession of A. officinalis (wild accession from Kerman province) in open pollination method and also controlled crosses. Specific allele in 187 bp length was identified by AG8 marker in A. officinalis wild accessions.

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Volume 35, Issue 2
June 2022
Pages 264-278
  • Receive Date: 01 February 2020
  • Revise Date: 04 January 2021
  • Accept Date: 14 January 2021
  • First Publish Date: 01 March 2021